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Tashkent subway map

Tashkent Metro

Tashkent Metro began its construction in 1968-1970, respectively, and the first line, which was the beginning of Chilanzar, with 9 stations and a length of 12 km 2, was launched in 1977. The origins lie in the construction of a number of tunnel number 2, which completed the construction of tunnels in Siberia, as well as the nodiversion tunnel - in Andijan. To design specially created for the Tashkent branch of the subway construction Metrogiprotrans. All the production facilities needed for this was set up overnight. It also organized a production of concrete structures and the production tubing Ugunai. Commissioning of the first start site occurred in November 1977. Subway in Tashkent entirely shallow, most of the tunnels built shield penetration (closed method). Underground structures were built from the start, taking into account the increased seismicity in the region - as a whole, it was argued that the design is calculated to counter earthquake on the Richter scale to 9 points. Of course, such devastating earthquakes, like that which took place in Tashkent in 1966, was no more. However, occur regularly in this area are weaker aftershocks Metro managed to survive. Since opening the first section of the underground work is not interrupted even once.

Geology of Tashkent represented mainly loess soils, complex behavior are encountered, the descriptions of the builders in the construction of tunnels. During operation of mechanized shields due to the vibration mechanism has been a significant compaction of the array. And according to this, the volume occupied by the soil decreased. Shields as a result of this failed several times lower than the design elevation, so they had to carry out costly and complex work to raise up to the mark sheets of the project. ROP in connection with this, was much less than the rate of non-mechanized shields. In the end, most of the tunnels were built using non-mechanized shields. In addition, the system was also installed to evacuate the passengers. In the event of an earthquake, most trains reach your destination as quickly as possible, after which all the passengers leave the trains at first and later the very station. To avoid panic, all actions are accompanied by employees of the station.

The length of the three subway lines with 29 stations, currently stands at 36, 2 miles. As experts predict over the next few years will grow nearly twice the volume of traffic the Tashkent subway. In 2009, total passenger traffic amounted to 68 million passengers. Given that the area of Tashkent is 260 square kilometers. Metropolitan is strategically important, but not loaded transport system. Ground stations in the metro ire not present, but there are three short section on the ground, representing a metro bridge across Tashkent channels. Since September 2001, began its third work, a new subway line - Yunasbadskaya. This line has a length of 6, 4 miles, and six underground stations began operating in late August. A new subway line every day can carry up to 60,000 passengers, and the total daily passenger traffic reaches 450,000 people. However, until the new line is not joined one of the densely populated districts of the capital - Yunusabad - with Tashkent, it ends before reaching it.

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