St. Petersburg subway map, St. Petersburg Metro Scheme, St. Petersburg Underground map

St. Petersburg subway map

Metro St. Petersburg, Russia

Petersburg Metro is a high-speed transport system vneulichnuyu Leningrad region and St. Petersburg. This is the second after the Moscow subway in the Soviet Union, which opened on November 15, 1955. To date, there are five active lines of the subway St. Petersburg, whose length exceeds 112 operating, 54 km away. The lines have 65 stations, including seven hubs. Eleven of them are combined with the railway stations or train stations. The system consists of 820 turnstiles, 243 escalators and 70 halls. It is all in the presence of one and five maintenance repair depot. System in 2007, carried 829 passengers 8. That put her on the level of congestion on the twelfth largest in the world. Petersburg Metro at an average depth of the station is the deepest in the world. Many of the stations have the original architectural and artistic design. Already in the late nineteenth century, leaders of the capital of the Russian Empire was engaged in earnest discussion of the prospects for construction of underground railways. The newspapers argued loudly about the plans of St. Petersburg underground, distinguished engineers discussing the advantages and disadvantages of projects. Meanwhile, in St. Petersburg did not possess even an electric tram. Opposition to the city authorities, who wanted to take control of this type of transportation, eventually led to the fact that if the project did not materialize, even underground. Engineer VN Pechkovsky in 1901 proposed to build in the middle of Nevsky Prospekt suburban railway station. It was located near the Kazan Cathedral and connect it via an underground trestle-roads with the Warsaw and the Baltic station. In the same year Reshevsky engineer who worked on the instructions of the Ministry of Railways, has developed different versions of a project whose main objective was - to combine into a single unit all the city of St. Petersburg train stations. Interesting development - the fruit of painstaking work by a number of years - were nominated by one of the first theorists of domestic subway, an engineer of Railway P. Balinsky. His scheme was provided for the construction of the lines in the city of six pieces, including two large circular tracks, with a total length of 172 km. According to his construction project treated at 190 million rubles. However, the Emperor Nicholas II in 1903, rejected the project.

The question of designing an underground subway was raised again in 1938. Initially led the development of the Moscow Institute Metrogiprotrans, but January 21, 1941 was established the Directorate of Construction № 5 People's Commissariat. All thirty-four shafts were laid in April 1941. By the beginning of 1992 the construction activities carried out at 14 stations or adjacent sites. This six stopping points of the radius of Primorye (Sports, Admiralty, Krestovsky Island, Commandant Avenue), two stations on the Right Bank of the line (to the tunnels and the Saviour's), Parnassus station, depot and Vyborg in the line of the Moscow-Petrograd. In addition, there are five stations belonging to the radius of Frunze (International, Bucharest, Volkovskaya, Bypass canal, Zvenigorod). Therefore, taking into account the average time of construction in Leningrad Metro, equal to 5.6 years, we could assume that all the work mentioned stations were to be completed by 1997, which could turn into a record in the history of subway construction in St. Petersburg.

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