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Minsk subway map

Metro Minsk, Belarus

The history of the Minsk subway has its origins in the late 1960s. Minsk authorities easily accepted the idea that the city should build a new form of public transport. The Soviet Union at that time were building underground in cities with a population of not less than one million people. After World War II ended, Minsk has developed much faster. What all the major cities of the USSR. This was mainly due to the rapid development of industry. The result of this man-made boom was that the one millionth citizen born in the city in 1972. By 1970, the Belarusian capital felt a lot of difficulties associated with the transport of people to work. Several main roads have long exhausted their capacity. It was also considered three main options for the development of transport systems: light rail, bus "express" and the underground, which subsequently was chosen. The plan of construction of the Minsk Metro began to develop in 1976. The plan to build a line of eight stations, which had to pass under the main city avenue, was the February 4, 1977 approved by the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union. The first pile, which formed the base of the future station, was laid June 16, 1977. It was Chelyuskintsev Park. The first line of the underground station «Institute of Culture" to the stopping point "Moscow" lasted from 1977 to 1984. The opening of Underground June 29, 1984 that is the date when Minsk was about 40 years after the liberation from the Nazis during WWII.

Today Minsk underground is two lines, total length of 30 3 km. It consists of 25 stations and two depots. By the end of 2010 Minsk metro transports per day to 700,000 passengers, and the proportion of total passenger traffic in the metro is 32, 6%. Most subway lines are loaded with Stone Hill, which transmits 60 000 passengers a day, Lenin Square (about 55 000 passengers per day), and Yakub Kolas Square and the Cultural Institute. Least-loaded stations are youth and May Day - there is at least 10,000 people a day. All plant and the Minsk metro lines - shallow and are underground. Each of them has an underground lobby, the entrances to which are combined in most cases with pedestrian crossings under the streets. Three stations - Square, Lenin and the October Kupalovskaya - have inputs built into the building. On the first of these outputs are also available through an underpass at the railway station building, as well as the railway platforms. Because the depth of most plants is small, descend upon them by means of stairs. Only the nine stations are installed escalators (both subway station October and one of the entrances at eight stations), a total of 31 machine. Installed at the station escalator up to three youth fall 2011 were not introduced into service. Most are single-span escalators, trehnitochnymi, but in October the station during the renovation in 2008 made the installation chetyrehnitochnogo escalator.

For all commissioned after the 2001 stations (Uruchcha, Borisov tract, Stone Hill, Kuntsevshchina, Sports, Mogilev) are also lifts for people with disabilities that are not being exploited. Preparatory work on the south-west (new) section of the Moscow line was started in 2004. The area has a length of 5, 5 km includes three stations: Petrovschina, Michalova and Grushevka that September 1, 2012 will be put into operation. Even when it was started the construction of the site, it was decided to extend the line to the station for another robin 1, 8 km. Its construction began in 2009, and ending his plan in September 2013. In early 2010 it was decided to build another power station with a name Schemyslitsa. Its construction should be complete by September 2014. Originally considered two options for building penetration of the site. They are: construction of roads, doubles, and the overlap of the project Dzerzhinsky, or by using an innovative Tunnel complex. Chief Directorate for the construction of Minsk subway sounded, according to which had to buy a new complex at the end of 2008. It was supposed to use it for sinking a small number of tunnels to as the "break in" new technology. This shield was used to assist in further construction of the third metro line of the Belarusian capital. However, the purchase Tunnel complex failed, and at the end of 2008 was blocked by Dzerzhinsky Avenue, and transportation allowed on the roads, for backup.

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